Usually one gets confused when it comes to choose a better technology for Web Application Development. Here is one such article easing the process to find out which is better Angular or React? The comparison here is done on various criteria like performance, data binding, development speed, architecture, learning curve, and community.
Note: This article is about Angular and not Angularjs which is an older framework.
Due to the abundant availability of front-end technology, developers often seek out help on online platforms to find out the best technology available for web application development. It enables them to be up to date as well as makes the development process more productive.
Are you confused about which front-end technology to choose between Angular and React? If yes, stop worrying! This article is exactly what you need to answer your questions.
Let’s dive into the article and figure out which among the two is better!
What is Angular?
Angular is an open-source front-end development framework. After Angularjs, many versions of Angular were released. There are various versions available, the latest being Angular 11 which was released in November 2020. It is a TypeScript based web application development framework.
What is React?
Angular v/s React
Not all applications work with the popular, latest, or trending technology, each application has its unique requirements that have to be addressed with appropriate and best-suited technology. This is where the question is: Which technologies are better for what type of application development? Which frameworks are appropriate for what kind of applications? And more.
Here are some of the criteria on which we are going to compare both the technologies.
The performance of Angular is associated with the amount of data it deals with. The performance can be considered low if the application is large. Angular uses Real DOM. The performance of web applications built with Angular has improved with its regular updates.
The use of Virtual DOM, which itself is lightweight, elevates the performance of the React. It enables the developers to do changes in the HTML elements without making changes in the entire HTML doc. It eases the coding process for the developers and makes the updation time effective.
At the end, Angular and React stand in the same place in terms of performance. .
Flexibility depends on the broad application of the framework. Development of a single page, as well as a multi-page web application, can be done with the Angular framework. It facilitates the development of both Web and Mobile applications. The development of mobile applications with Angular can be a bit tricky at times but there are many companies that provide the best Angular JS Web Development Services.
React is also suitable for the development of a single page and multi-page web application. It also facilitates the development of the web as well as mobile applications. Both React and Angular have an additional framework for mobile application development namely React Native and Native Script.
Angular has a setback of complexity in terms of its huge library along with long learning time and strict structural coding. These setbacks have decreased the popularity of the framework. The effect of which can be also seen on the percentage of developers who like to work with angular worldwide. Keeping aside its popularity, it is used by giants like Apple, Forbes, Adobe, Mc Donald’s, and more.
React, on the other hand, is one of the most popular front-end development frameworks. It has empowered React to build a huge community. The major role of the community is to solve the issues, help each other, and be a part of the framework evolution process, making it more efficient day after day.
Both Angular and React use component-based architecture. The architecture of the Angular consists of several building blocks namely Modules, Components, Metadata, Data Binding Directives, Templates, services, and Dependency Injection. Each building block has a specific function to perform.
React, unlike Angular, deals with the views i.e. V in the MVC architecture as it deals with rendering the HTML elements and templates. React builds the user interface by breaking it down into components. These components then further amalgamate into the simple yet desirable user interface.
One of the important criteria to know which among Angular and React will be most appropriate for the web application is data binding. It is data synchronization between Model and View.
Angular is facilitated with a two-way data binding approach. It increases the flexibility of the Angular framework. The changes in the data reflect the changes in the view and vice versa. This approach seems to make the development process streamlined but the bidirectional data binding does lower the performance.
React uses a one-way data-binding approach, hence the model states and user interface elements are to be changed separately. None of the two can be changed without making changes in either of them.
The overall speed of web application development depends on the development speed. It varies with the languages and frameworks.
The strict coding and Command Line Interface pay off here as it empowers the framework to create a clean application design which in turn eases the problem-solving. Thus with Angular, the overall development speed is enhanced.
React has the interference of a lot of tools which reduces the development speed and affects the overall development process. These tools and tool kits vary with the project and make it more time consuming to code.
Surprisingly, Angular leads the way in the criteria of development speed!
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Angular and React both are better in their ways. The company can choose Angular as a front-end development framework when it comes to building large applications with a lot of features. It can also be used when companies have a team consisting of developers with the experience of working with Java or C#. It is the best choice in case the company opts for ready to use solutions. React can be a good choice when companies want to develop native applications. Developers want to work with flexibility of choosing various tools and libraries. React facilitates it.
Thus the takeaway from the above article is that, based on various criteria both technologies can be better. It solely depends on the company’s decision and the development team for the decision to which to choose.