Over the past two decades, Internet and technology both have been expanding at a rapid rate producing skyrocketing and unprecedented results.
The sudden pandemic broke down the major economies as well as several companies got devastated.
A need for change is the basic requirement that forces every industry to get to the best of their capabilities and adopt the technological changes which are required in the organization and health sector is no exception to it.
The most emerging names in health along with technology are Telehealth and Telemedicine.
Though the names appear giant and complex but they are too simple as it is just the use of electronic media, communications and IT to deliver clinical assistance,counselling and treatments to the patients in a remote manner this can be called as Telemedicine.
Telehealth on the other hand refers to a wider application of technologies where every aspect associated in dealing with the health of the patient gets assisted whether it is videoconferencing, remote monitoring or any other component.
Every traditional approach of treating a patient individually and in person is taking a step forward and the same treatments are given by healthcare professionals in a remote manner and through various tools of telehealth and telemedicine.
Telehealth and Telemedicine offers a wide range of services and it serves variety of purposes such as:
1. Specialist Referral Services:
It requires a specialist which provides help to a general practitioner in giving advice.
This further involves a patient looking for a specialist through a remote consultation or live video calls where medical data of the patients gets provided to the doctors.
Even the data storing capacity of the individual makes it more appealing and useful for the healthcare professionals and specialists.
2. Direct Patient care
This direct care which gets provided to the patients is something that both the patients as well as the healthcare professionals are fond of.
Sharing audio,video, and the medical data which transits between a patient and the healthcare professionals for a number of uses such as identifying the problem faced by the patients, the plans which are provided for his treatment and the prescriptions or advice which gets delivered to the patients.
This whole process can get executed whether a patient is at clinic, home, or any other place.
3. Remote Patient monitoring
The smart devices help in tracking down the location details of the patients and this collection of massive data gets further transferred to the monitoring station for its further analysis.
Apps working under this sector which includes the measurements which help in capturing a vital sign, such as blood pressure, glucose and every other minute detail.
Such services are likely to affect the jobs of nurses in the upcoming years.
4. Medical Education and mentoring
It has a wide scope right from the allocation of continuously conducting and noting the credits received by the healthcare professionals and seminars for highlighting the groups and then asking for expert advice which are further needed in conductional another medical procedure.
5. Consumer medical information
It makes proper use of the internet for customers which helps them to procure specialized health information by providing peer support.
There are numerous ways where data gets delivered by different mechanisms where it gets relied on.
The goals and objectives of Telemedicine and Telehealth are supportive and complementary to each other.
The delivery mechanisms used by telehealth and telemedicine sectors are as follows:
6. Point-to-point connections
The private networks which are been used by the clinics, and hospitals often render services directly or indirectly and even provide ambulance services from homes to the medical clinics and hospitals.
7. Directing patients for tracking centre links
Such tracking centres are widely used by cardiac, pulmonary and other assistance is provided to the patients which helps in balancing their lifestyle along with tackling health issues.
8. Web-based E-health
Such apps and websites provide a gateway to directly reaching out to the customers and framing out services over the internet.
How Telemedicine is inter related to Health IT
The aims and objectives of telemedicine and health IT complements the requirements of each other. Telemedicine is the way of providing health care that utilizes the health information technology to achieve its objectives.
On the contrary, health information technologies are components which sanctions the delivery of healthcare services through a large distance remotely with the help of tools and equipment.
Health IT magnifies the frequency of using telemedicine apps. It is also crucial to note down the difference between Telemedicine and HIT.
Telehealth is completely reliant upon the use of telecommunications and related forms of technologies and therefore it basically reports and dispatches the patients and customer care services.
In some aspects the differences can be made out clear between the clinicians and IT world.
It becomes crucial to recognise, identify, understand and accept the telehealth along with HIT that can work conjointly for rendering better healthcare services.
The foundation of HIT assists the proliferation and utilizes electronic health records, administrative services along with all the clinical services.
All the other applications and components are co-related under HIT.
For example, EHR provides aid to the core delivery system through its multiple modes. Telemedicine makes everything appear as it becomes available for review to the professional and such equipment allows the professional to know about the practicalities of the patients and their health.
All the companies under this category of health and sanitation have been adopting and facing a number of challenges since its evolution.
The HIT along with telemedicine will be making more revolutionary changes in the healthcare sector in the upcoming years.